This page includes people, places and events mentioned by American journalist William Henry Hurlbert in his 1888 political travel diary, Ireland Under Coercion: The Diary of an American. I am updating this list as I blog through the book, with links back to the relevant post. Entries are in alphabetical order by last name for people, first letter for places, entities, etc. Many of the people are hyperlinked to Wikipedia pages for source consistency. MH
Arthur James Balfour: Chief Secretary for Ireland from March 1887 to November 1891. He was appointed by his uncle Robert Cecil/Lord Salisbury, a three-time U.K. prime minister whom he succeeded in 1902. See post 2; post 3; post 15.
Belfast: Ireland’s second largest city and Hurlbert’s last stop. See post 37.
Cork: Hurlbert visited Cork city, and nearby Blarney Castle and Youghal. See post 23.
Daniel W. Crofts: Author of A secession crisis enigma: William Henry Hurlbert and “The diary of a public man”. The purported diary, published in 1879, was “a fictional construct … rooted in reality,” according to Crofts, who says Hurlbert was its anonymous author. Ireland Under Coercion had “important implications” for his 2010 analysis, which is also the best biography of Hurlbert. See post 20, post 38.
Dublin slums: Created as the deteriorated after the Irish parliament was dissolved by the 1800 Act of Union. Hurlbert visited. See post 5.
Glenbehy (Glenbeigh): County Kerry community where Hurlbert witnessed an tenant eviction in February 1888. See post 21.
Glenveagh/Derryveagh: Area of central Donegal where more than 200 families were evicted in 1861. Now a national park. See post 7.
Cunninghame Graham: Journalist, socialist and Scottish nationalist M.P. who spent six weeks in prison for participating in the November 1887 Trafalgar Square Riots. Referenced by Michael Davitt. See post 15.
Irish Woolen Co.: One of Micheal Davitt’s business ventures to cultivate native industries. Discussed in interview with Hurlbert. See post 16.
Kilkenny: Medieval town in southeast Ireland, featuring Kilkenny Castle and Kilkenny College. See post 12.
Killone Abbey: County Clare religious order ruin converted into loclal cemetery visited by Hurlbert. Also nearby St. John’s Well. See post 19.
Kingstown: Port town about nine miles south of Dublin. Known as Dún Laoghaire since 1920. See post 2.
James Finton Lalor: Irish journalist and revolutionary who died nearly 40 years before Hurlbert’s trip. His writing about land reform in the periodical The Irish Felon influenced Michael Davitt and others.
Lixnaw: Town in County Kerry where boycotted farmer James Fitzmaurice was murdered the morning of Hurlbert’s first full day in Ireland. See post 10.
Milltown Malbay: Village in County Clare where Hurlbert wrote about boycotting, angering Father Patrick White (below). See post 11
Moonlighters: Typically nocturnal raiders on farmers who threatened the Land League, either by paying their rent or leasing the land of an evicted tenant. The were the 1880s iteration of a long line of violent agrarian secret societies. See post 30.
National Gallery of Ireland: See post 13.
Charles Stuart Parnell: Irish Parliamentary Party leader who partnered with Michael Davitt in the 1880s to bring Home Rule to Ireland. See post 4, post 34, and post 35. Older brother of Anna Parnell. See post 13.
Ponsonby Estate: The Charles Talbot Ponsonby property, about 30 miles east Cork city, in November 1886 became the first property targeted for the Plan of Campaign. Hurlbert visited in February 1888. See post 24.
Post Office Savings Banks: Hurlbert cited increased deposits during the 1880s as evidence that Ireland’s rural residents were not as poor as they claimed, and therefore could pay their rents. See post 31.
Research: How Hurlbert’s book has survived over 130 years of historical scholarship. See post 40. (Not yet published.)
Reviews: Irish, British and American reactions to Hurlbert’s book. See post 39.
Sion Mills: Site of linen factory near Strabane, County Tyrone, now part of Northern Ireland. See post 6.
Trains: Hurlbert traveled hundreds of miles by railways during his six-month reporting trip in Ireland. See post 25.
Ulster: Northeast province of Ireland dominated by pro-union Protestants who opposed Home Rule. See post 36.
U.S. Civil War: Hurlbert compared the American conflict of the 1860s to the troubles in Ireland during the 1880s. See post 38.
Father Patrick White: Parish priest in Miltown Malbay, County Clare, who wrote a pamphlet rebuttal to Hurlbert’s book: Hurlbert unmasked : an exposure of the thumping English lies of William Henry Hurlbert in his ‘Ireland Under Coercion.’ See post 11.
William Butler Yeats: Irish poet who was influenced in his early years by Irish separatist John O’Leary. (See post 34). Yeats contributed several poems to Poems and Ballads of Young Ireland, published during Hurlbert’s 1888 visit. See post 32.