American reporting of Irish Independence, 1919

Ireland’s War of Independence made regular headlines in U.S. daily newspapers and the Irish-American press during 1919, including key people and events in the United States. This centennial exploration is focused on coverage in three ethnic papers: The Irish Press, a short-lived (1918-1922) Philadelphia weekly with direct political and financial ties to revolutionary Ireland; the Kentucky Irish American, published from 1898 to 1968 in Louisville; and The Irish Standard, published from 1886 to 1920 in Minneapolis, Minn. The Irish American and Standard offered more less radical coverage of Ireland’s cause, in addition to support for the Catholic Church and regular community news. Digitized collections of these papers allow me to link to the historical pages. The study also considers the reporting of non-ethnic U.S. newspapers, and consults additional sources, detailed below. 

Suggestions and comments are welcome. Stories are listed from newest, top, to oldest. MH

How Dev’s tour shifted U.S. press coverage of Ireland

The Twelfth, 1919: Carson tells America to butt out

U.S. Independence Day in Ireland: Bans to boycotts

When an Irish Rebel Had His Portrait Drawn in Louisville, For the Filson Historical Society Blog

Select newspaper editorials on de Valera’s U.S. arrival

Describing Éamon de Valera before social media

‘The Irish Press’ withheld news of de Valera’s U.S. arrival

The other Irish aboard the ‘Lapland’ with de Valera

June 1919: U.S. editorials on Senate support for Ireland

May 1919: Irish-American commission visits Ireland

The Irish question, April 1919

U.S. press coverage of April 1919 ‘Limerick soviet’

Easter 1919: Rising remembered & rally for Republic 

Irish Americans reach Paris, demand Wilson’s answer

March 1919: First interviews with escapee Éamon de Valera

Covering the countess’s return to Dublin, 1919

St. Patrick’s Day in America, 1919

March madness 1919: So close, yet so far

‘Intrigue of Deception’ at Catholic University of America, 1919

First words on the 1919 Irish Race Convention

Promoting the February 1919 Irish Race Convention

Names & numbers: 1919 Irish Race Convention, Philadelphia

The Tyrone-born publisher of Philadelphia’s Irish Press

America’s Irish press reports first Dáil…and more

American press coverage of first Dáil Éireann

‘Irish American’ publisher’s Irish-American story

Two Irish-American newspapers, one epic story

Irish-American press on Sinn Féin election

U.S. press on Sinn Féin win

Pittsburgh rally for Irish freedom

House hearing on ‘The Irish Question’

The bishop & the president

Original research by Mark Holan. © 2019

Via Library of Congress, Chronicling America.

Via Library of Congress, Chronicling America, and Univ. of Kentucky, Kentucky Digital Library.

Via VIllanova University, Joseph McGarrity Collection.

(Developing. Individual posts may cite sources that are not listed below.)

Callihan, Susan Bennett McGinnis, “From Ireland to Louisville: The Story of Limerick, 1850-1913.” Dissertation, University of Louisville, 1996.

Carroll, Francis M., “The American Commission on Irish Independence and the Paris Peace Conference of 1919,” in Irish Studies in International Affairs, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1985, pp. 103-118.

Clark, Dennis, The Irish in Philadelphia: Ten Generations of Urban Experience. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1973.

Crews, Clyde F., ed., Mike Barry and the Kentucky Irish American: An Anthology. University Press of Kentucky, 1995.

Davis, Troy D., “Eamon de Valera’s Political Education: The American Tour of 1919-20,” in New Hibernia Review, Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring 2006, pp. 65-78.

Golway, Terry, Irish Rebel: John Devoy and America’s Fight for Ireland’s Freedom. St. Martin Press, New York, 1998.

Hannigan, Dave, De Valera in America: The Rebel President and the Making of Irish Independence. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2010.

McCartan, Patrick, With De Valera In America. Brentano, New York, 1932. Via Georgetown University Library.

McCullagh, David, De Valera, Rise 1882-1932, Gill Books, New York, 2017.

O’Doherty, Katherine, Assignment America: De Valera’s Mission to the United States. De Tanko Publishers, New York, 1957. Via HathiTrust Digital Library.

Ousley Jr., Stanley, “The Irish in Louisville.” Dissertation, University of Louisville, 1974.

Tansill, Charles Callen, America and the fight for Irish freedom, 1866-1922, an old story based on new dataThe Devin-Adair Co., New York, 1957.

Whelan, Bernadette, United States Foreign Policy and Ireland: From Empire to Independence, 1913-29. Four Courts Press, Dublin, 2006.