IUC, Revisited: People, Places & Events

This page includes people, places and events mentioned by American journalist William Henry Hurlbert in his 1888 political travel diary, Ireland Under Coercion: The Diary of an American. I am updating this list as I blog through the book, with links back to the relevant post. Entries are in alphabetical order by last name for people, first letter for places, entities, etc. Many of the people are hyperlinked to Wikipedia pages for source consistency. As with the main series of blog posts, reader questions or suggestions are welcome. MH


 John George Adair: Irish landlord and businessman responsible for the 1861 evictions of more than 200 families in County Donegal. See post 7.

Arthur James Balfour: Chief Secretary for Ireland from March 1887 to November 1891. He was appointed by his uncle Robert Cecil/Lord Salisbury, a three-time U.K. prime minister whom he succeeded in 1902. See post 2post 3; and post 15.

Wilfrid Scawen BluntEnglish poet and writer supported by Michael Davitt in February 1888 by-election. Blunt later wrote about the Land War in Ireland, including Davitt. See post 14 and post 15.

Boycotting: A tactic of social and economic ostracism made famous during the Land War. See post 18.

Father Thomas Nicholas Burke: Irish Dominican priest. In 1872, he engaged with English historian James Anthony Froude in several New York City debates about Irish and Catholic issues.

Grover Cleveland: U.S. president from 1885, but lost the 1888 election to Benjamin Harrison. Four years later, he beat Harrison in the rematch.

Philippe Daryl: Pseudonym of French journalist Paschal Grousset, who published an 1888 book about his travels in Ireland the previous two summers. See post 13 and post 14.

Michael Davitt: Irish land reform agitator, labor leader and politician. His right arm was amputated after an 1857 cotton mill accident. See post 2; post 3; post 15; post 16.

John Devoy: Irish revolutionary and journalist exiled to America in 1871.

Donegal: County in northwest Ireland, visited by Hurlbert in February 1888. See post 8, post 9.

Henry Edward Doyle: Director the National Gallery of Ireland and brother of  Richard Doyle. See post 13.

Dublin slums: Created after the Irish parliament was dissolved by the 1800 Act of Union. Hurlbert visited. See post 5.

Patrick Ford: Irish-American journalist who advocated for Irish land reform from his New York-based Irish World newspaper.

Henry George: America economist and journalist. His 1879 book Progress and Poverty influence Michael Davitt. See post 4.

Edward Gibson/Lord Ashbourne: The Dublin-born lawyer drafted the 1885 Irish land purchase law known as the Ashbourne Act, after his County Meath peerage title. See post 5.

Glenveagh/Derryveagh: Area of central Donegal where more than 200 families were evicted in 1861. Now a national park. See post 7.

Cunninghame Graham: Journalist, socialist and Scottish nationalist M.P. who spent six weeks in prison for participating in the November 1887  Trafalgar Square Riots. Referenced by Michael Davitt. See post 15.

Lord George Hill: Mid-19th century landlord in County Donegal. See post 8.  

William Henry Hurlbert: American journalist and author of the 1888 political travel diary, Ireland Under Coercion: The Diary of an American.

Irish Woolen Co.: One of Micheal Davitt’s business ventures to cultivate native industries. Discussed in interview with Hurlbert. See post 16.

Kilkenny: Medieval town in southeast Ireland, featuring Kilkenny Castle and Kilkenny College. See post 12.

Kingstown: Port town about nine miles south of Dublin. Known as Dún Laoghaire since 1920. See post 2. 

James Finton Lalor: Irish journalist and revolutionary who died nearly 40 years before Hurlbert’s trip. His writing about land reform in the periodical The Irish Felon influenced Michael Davitt and others.

Land War travel books: In addition to Hurlbert, at least eight other visitors to Ireland wrote books (now digitized) about the state of the country during the 1880s. See post 14.

Pope Leo XIII: In 1888, the pontiff issued several orders condemning agrarian violence in Ireland. A year earlier, he granted the charter founding the Catholic University of America.

Lixnaw: Town in County Kerry where boycotted farmer James Fitzmaurice was murdered the morning of Hurlbert’s first full day in Ireland. See post 10.

Father James McFaddenCatholic priest and agrarian advocate in Gweedore, County Donegal. See post 8.

Rev. Dr. McGlynn:

Milltown Malbay: Village in County Clare where Hurlbert wrote about boycotting, angering Father Patrick White (below). See post 11

National Gallery of Ireland: See post 13.

Charles Stuart Parnell: Irish Parliamentary Party leader who partnered with Michael Davitt in the 1880s to bring Home Rule to Ireland. See post 4. Older brother of Anna Parnell. See post 13.

Rathkeale: Town in County Limerick, about 20 miles southwest of Limerick city. Site of 29 January 1888 nationalist rally featuring speech by Michael Davitt. See post 2 and post 16.

Colonel Edward James Saunderson: North Armagh M.P. who spoke against Home Rule. See post 4.

Sion Mills: Site of linen factory near Strabane, County Tyrone, now part of Northern Ireland. See post 6.

Father Patrick White: Parish priest in Miltown Malbay, County Clare, who wrote a pamphlet rebuttal to Hurlbert’s book: Hurlbert unmasked : an exposure of the thumping English lies of William Henry Hurlbert in his ‘Ireland Under Coercion.’ See post 11.